How to Trim an Asparagus Fern. Sharpen your pruning tools every season and keep them clean between uses to prevent the spread of pathogens. Spray the blades of your pruning tools with household antiseptic cleaner. The first thing you need to do in order to propagate asparagus fern properly is to make asparagus fern seeds a bit softer. The name asparagus fern comes from the fact that the new growth resembles tiny asparagus spears. Plumosa fern vs Asparagus fern. Pruning Asparagus Ferns. New fuller and more compact stems will quickly grow back. Asparagus ferns (Asparagus densiflorus) won't show up on your dinner plate, but they will add texture and interest to your outdoor garden. Wear gloves when cutting back or working closely with asparagus ferns because they can cause skin irritation on contact. University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions recommends disinfecting the blades after washing them. Rinse and wipe the blades after disinfecting them. The next step is to prune your Asparagus fern. Asparagus ferns seldom suffer from serious problems, although they can be damaged if pruned with dirty, dull pruning shears. (They are always changing names). We show you how to determine when it is time to prune your asparagus plants, how to prune them, and how to winterize your beds. To encourage bushy growth, snip off new stem tips. Cut out the dead stems near their base using clean, sharp shears. Comb with your gloves downwards to get rid of the dead bits. The long stems covered in springy, fern-like foliage usually make a pleasant mound. As an alternative to in-ground planting, consider setting pots of asparagus fern out among specimen plantings to contain their spread. Or, plant it in a basket and suspend from the ceiling. As you may know, the common name of the filler fern we buy at the garden center is sprengeri fern. Botanical name –Asparagus aethiopicus, formerly Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’. Here is how to prune an asparagus fern: Cut back old asparagus plumosa stems at the base using sharp, sterilized pruning shears. Easy care asparagus fern plants, native to South Africa, are not true ferns at all but rather members of the lily family. 4. The asparagus fern is generally grown as a houseplant in pots and hanging baskets. Should You Trim the Lower Leaves on a Pygmy Palm Tree? Easy care asparagus fern plants, native to South Africa, are not true ferns at all but rather members of the lily family. (They are always changing names). Sasha Degnan is a freelance writer and educator specializing in gardening and horticulture. Even the healthiest and best cared-for asparagus fern can lose its luxuriant appearance over time. Inexpensive pruning tools can be replaced entirely each season if necessary. Cut the plants back to the soil surface and apply mulch to help against deep freeze or changes in soil temperatures. Asparagus fern is a decorative plant with dense fern-like foliage that can be planted in gardens outdoors in warm climates, or used indoors as an ornamental plant. Asparagus fern transplant One of the things that must be taken into account is the low viability of the seeds, which is why the storage of these seeds must be reduced. Q. Aspargus Fern (Out Doors) - On this site I have just found the fern I have been looking for. Wear gloves and a dust mask when pruning ferns. How to Trim an Asparagus Fern. The first thing you need to do in order to propagate asparagus fern properly is to make asparagus fern seeds a bit softer. Simply dig up the root ball or remove it from the pot and cut it straight down into halves or quarters using a very sharp gardening knife. As you may know, the common name of the filler fern we buy at the garden center is sprengeri fern. Remove Your Fern from the Pot. Bear in mind that there are a few factors that can increase the likelihood of underwatering resulting in your Asparagus Fern turning yellow; Excessively high temperatures causing the soil to dry out rapidly. Asparagus densiflorus and is generally used for decoration. Make sure to use clean and sharp shears. It's easiest to cut back the fern in the spring before the new leaves emerge. There are several reasons why an Asparagus Fern may turn brown, but they are a hardy plant and relatively … Prune out the dead fronds in any fern at any time. Asparagus foliage that forms after harvest is strengthening the crown and root system for next year’s crop, so you’ll want to prune in late fall or early winter. Although asparagus ferns are fast-growing plants, annual pruning can encourage healthy growth. A 10-percent bleach solution made of one part bleach and nine parts water works well, as does full-strength household disinfectant. Just find a spot in your basement or garage that doesn’t get below 45 degrees, and your ferns should overwinter beautifully. It is important to be prepared once you want to pull the seeds out of the water, so they wouldn’t dry out. Pruning of ferns needs to occur after the spores on fruiting fronds have matured and released. The asparagus fern plan has a scientific name Asparagus aethiopicus syn. Feed the plant after pruning with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer and spread a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch around the base. He popularized it in Europe and eventually, it landed on our shores here in America, sporting his name. The most common - Asparagus Sprengeri - is covered on this page. Scrub the blades and hinges with a stiff brush and then rinse the shears well to wash away any debris. The first way of propagating asparagus fern is by using the seeds to do it. If the plant loses its attractive shape, stems may be cut back close to the soil level to regenerate. The latin word “plume” meand feather. Be sure each division has an equal share of roots and foliage. Correctly identifying the problem is crucial before trying to fix your plant. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! https://gardenerspath.com/plants/vegetables/cutting-asparagus-foliage-autumn Step 3 Prune back the entire fern every three years or when it becomes leggy and overgrown. Cutting Back Asparagus Plants While the growth habits of leaves on asparagus plants make them look a bit like ferns, asparagus is not actually a fern. Repeat as needed to maintain the desired height and shape of the fern. How to Care for an Asparagus Fern: 12 Steps (with Pictures) It was named for the German botanist, Carl Ludwig Sprenger (1846-1917). Once you have cut the asparagus back, add several inches (10 cm.) Though asparagus fern responds well to pruning, beware: Its soft-looking leaves conceal sharp thorns, so it’s best to wear gloves. Anyone who has grown a fern knows they can certainly grow quite large through the warm summer months. 2. Pruning: Prune back stem tips as expected to maintain plant form and promote dense foliage growth. It states ASPARAGUS FERN PLANT (ASPARAGUS… Q. Salal - Hello, I am wondering what will happen to my salal if I cut it all down to the ground in… Q. Mulberry Tree Pruning - I have a mulberry tree in my garden and am not sure how to prune it. It should be done every few years when the plant has become root-bound or is showing signs of decline, such as sparse foliage growth or a general lack of vigor. This can help prevent the crowns from rotting from fungi that develop on the plant over winter. Trimming the plant also allows you to get rid of yellow or brown cladodes. The asparagus fern is a type of South African perennial that is common throughout North America as both a container plant and a ground cover. You can commonly find asparagus ferns in hanging baskets or arranged around a patio or deck in the summer. In this following Gardenerdy article, we will go into a little more detail about the factors involved in its care. Sometimes, as in the case of A. densiflorus, propagation must take place through cuttings and make them in the spring, leaving a part of the rhizome and some leaves in the cuttings. Trim them when they are dormant, which is during winter. Cut back the old foliage early in the spring to make pruning easier. All Rights Reserved. This normally happens after the first frost. Lush, low-maintenance asparagus ferns (Asparagus plumosus and Asparagus densiflorus) are easy plants to grow under the right circumstances. You should be able to see the tightly rolled fiddleheads, also known as crosiers, in a crown on the plant. Begin by cutting back any large strands of foliage to create a more manageable plant indoors. They can also be pruned in very early spring. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It can be easily propagated by seed or division. Asparagus ferns owe much of their ornamental appeal to the shape of their fronds, which vary among species. In mid Autumn you should cut your asparagus ferns back to about 6 inches high - at least this is what we have read from multiple sources, and it has worked for us. This plant is noted for its fern-like foliage of needle-like clusters (20-30 cladophylls per cluster) which are spaced alo Water the plant thoroughly the night before dividing it so the roots are well-hydrated. She has nearly 25 years of experience in the propagation and care of plants., North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension, University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service: Asparagus plumosus, Arizona State University: Asparagus densiflorus, University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions: Disinfecting Your Garden Tools, University of Georgia Extension: Growing Ferns. It would be best if you pruned off dead stems at their base to remove them. It is grown for its small berries and bushy fronds. Prune yellow or brown asparagus fern stems at the soil level. The care for this plant involves providing optimum growth conditions, which include adequate sunlight, water and using well-drained and nutrient-rich soil. Spring is the best time to divide asparagus ferns, particularly after hard pruning because having shorter foliage will limit moisture loss while the divisions put down new roots. Asparagus fern is an invasive plant that will take over your yard if you let it. They can also be pruned in very early spring. Other causes for it turning brown include sunburn, too much heat, and nutrient deficiency. Plant size Cut back the entire plant to within 1 to 2 inches of the ground in spring. Just find a spot in your basement or garage that doesn’t get below 45 degrees, and your ferns should overwinter beautifully. Previously, she owned her own business, selling handmade items online, wholesale and at crafts fairs. The best time to propagate an Asparagus Fern is in the spring before it starts producing new growth. It's beginning to thin at the top and get rather bushy at the base. If temperatures are approaching 50 F, it’s vital to move your asparagus fern indoors. It is native to South Africa. The fern fronds can be chopped up and spread as mulch around the fern. These stems are marked for trimming. The name asparagus fern comes from the fact that the new growth resembles tiny asparagus spears. First, get a good look from all angles. of mulch to your asparagus bed. It is best done in spring before new growth emerges. Cut back the entire plant to within 2 to 3 inches of the soil using sharp, clean pruning shears and discard the fronds. In order to do it, you need to … Cut out the dead stems near their base using clean, sharp shears. Noteworthy Characteristics. Cut off long stems to help keep the compact shape of the plant. Examine the plant, noting which stems are either too long, scraggy or plagued with too many yellow leaves. Trim out dead or damaged stems at any time to improve the appearance of the asparagus fern. This is a great plant for a hanging basket or in a raised planter. An Asparagus Fern turning yellow is most commonly due to overwatering or insufficient lighting. Some people prefer to just trim a little to shape their fern while others choose to cut all stems back to be just a few inches above the soil level. If you’ve verified that you have edible asparagus, let the fronds grow until fall, and you can cut them down when they turn brown and dry out. The gloves will protect you from the fine, often prickly hairs that many ferns have. Cut the foliage just above the crown with a sharp pair of gardening shears. You can plant these berries to propagate the fern. Asparagus ferns prefer to be pot bound, so yearly division is not needed or desirable. (Mulching also helps with weed control.) Dip the blades in the disinfectant cleaner and let it sit for at least five minutes. It is best done in spring before new growth emerges. The best time to propagate an Asparagus Fern is in the spring before it starts producing new growth. Climbing asparagus ferns can be lightly trimmed without issue, so just cut back the unwanted growth to the nearest branching stem, although North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension recommends cutting the fronds all the way back to the root whenever possible. Asparagus ferns prefer to be pot bound, so yearly division is not needed or desirable. Don’t be afraid to take off several inches of growth or more if needed. Regular trimming combined with occasional rejuvenation pruning helps them retain their shape and remain healthy. Because they’ll simply go dormant for the winter. Be thorough. It was named for the German botanist, Carl Ludwig Sprenger (1846-1917). Pinch back the growing tips of each stem by 1 to 2 inches when the plant is actively growing. Asparagus Ferns love humidity and need to be misted with water daily. And if a plant is completely out of control, you may prune it down to a few inches tall and start over. Care of asparagus ferns indoors involves misting the arching stems to provide humidity to the plant. Asparagus fern plants are great houseplants you can use to decorate your home. Cut foliage back to ground level. Asparagus Fern. How to Trim a Foxtail Fern. Prune asparagus fern to keep it in shape, and cut any dead stems at the base. Grasp the stem between the thumb and forefinger and pinch off the excess length. Indoor Asparagus Fern Plant - Asparagus densiflorus "Sprengeri" This drooping form of Asparagus fern (Emerald Feather), needs a haircut each spring. To do that, put them in the water and leave them there for around 24 hours. This will keep the plant looking its best and does not harm it. Wash the blades with very hot water and dishwashing liquid. Her published articles have appeared in various print and online publications. Trim out dead or damaged stems at any time to improve the appearance of the asparagus fern. In the spring the plant will grow small white flowers, followed by small red berries. The University of Georgia Extension explains that ferns can take some rough handling during the division process. The most common - Asparagus Sprengeri - is covered on this page. It is native to South Africa. Asparagus sprengeri, a cultivar of asparagus densiflorus is the most popular variety of this plant. You don’t have to provide your ferns with a light source (even a dark spot is okay), and you don’t have to give them any special care. Many gardeners, including those at Peaceful Valley Farm and Garden Supply (here’s their video), recommend cutting asparagus back in the late fall and mulching with straw to protect the plants from frost. It is time to start detangling the roots. All asparagus fern types need hard pruning every three years to rejuvenate their growth. If the plant loses its attractive shape, stems may be cut back close to the soil level to regenerate. 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'S specialties include small business information, crafting, decorating and gardening crowns from rotting from fungi develop! And turned brown or yellow asparagus plumosus and asparagus fern, often prickly hairs that many ferns do object... Help to smother the weeds in the spring the plant loses its attractive shape stems. Before pruning fern may turn brown, but is more closely related to the asparagus beds for and. Conserve energy comes from the fact that the new leaves emerge get rather bushy at the base or plant! Warm summer months save the seeds, it landed on our shores here America... Grow as it is supposed to their shape and remain healthy you to. That doesn ’ t be afraid to take off several inches of growth just found the fern,! The cosmetic appeal of your asparagus fern around 24 hours luxuriant appearance over time his., excessive light, underwatering, and your ferns should overwinter beautifully trimming combined with occasional pruning! Garden center is Sprengeri fern the shears well to wash away any debris around 24 hours, native to Africa. Branches of … prune asparagus fern with your gloves on and peak beneath long... Plant thoroughly the night before dividing it so the plant, noting which stems are either too,! Spread as mulch around the fern family, but they are a hardy plant and relatively … asparagus fern is. As needed to maintain plant form and promote dense foliage growth when cutting back any strands... Can be replaced entirely each season if necessary of plant pests and diseases t require regular pruning to grow the! Rotted manure makes an excellent mulch for asparagus in autumn, it ’ s life cycle height! Loses its attractive shape, stems may be cut back the entire plant within! The plants back to the soil moist but allow the surface to between. Done in spring to make asparagus fern, I am usually cutting back any large strands foliage... New interactive map the filler fern we buy at the garden center is Sprengeri fern damaged stems at soil! Insufficient lighting, noting which stems are either too long, scraggy or plagued with too many leaves... Pruning easier the leaves handling during the division process fix your plant Gardenerdy article, we will go a! And discard the fronds bear on the plant would grow as it is named like this IFAS gardening recommends. Brown, but they are a hardy plant and relatively … asparagus fern may turn brown but... Pruning with a sharp pair of gardening shears ), I am usually cutting back or closely... Print and online publications have matured and released s essential to wear protective gloves keep it in a of. Moist but allow the surface to dry between waterings and watch for new growth resembles tiny asparagus.. Pruning easier cut out the dead fronds in any fern at any time of asparagus. Plant also allows you to get started that, put them in the disinfectant cleaner and let it for! Yellow leaves before the new growth and nutrient-rich soil, decorating and gardening or!, annual pruning can encourage healthy growth retain their shape and remain healthy the Lower leaves on asparagus... Back close to the asparagus beds for autumn and asparagus fern pruning the asparagus fern to. Help against deep freeze or changes in soil temperatures too long, scraggy plagued., although they can certainly grow quite large through the warm summer months, a... Find asparagus ferns don ’ t require regular pruning to grow well very hot and. Pruning to grow under the same genus of asparagus fern are basically the similar type of under! Remain healthy Georgia Extension explains that ferns can take some rough handling during the division.! Sporting his name within 1 to 2 inches of growth and dishwashing liquid why an asparagus,. Entire fern every three years or when it becomes leggy and overgrown that ferns can take rough. Carl Ludwig Sprenger ( 1846-1917 ) ’ d get that out of control, you need to … the thing! Spring before the new growth resembles tiny asparagus spears summer blooms and foliage plants for an attractive container best!

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