They could also be swallowed and cause other problems. While habits such as chewing and sucking on fabric are relatively common in cats, compulsively eating inedible things is not. An obsession with eating plastic could be deadly, although I have known of many cats who chew on plastic and almost none that have become obstructed from it. You can opt-out at any time. Never happens, not in any meaningful sense at least. Most cats that chew or eat plastic, though, start doing so because the object tasted good or they enjoyed playing with it, not because they have an eating disorder. Some cats just seem to like the way the plastic tastes or feels more than that it being a "need" to eat plastic, so it doesn’t automatically qualify as a compulsive behavior. There's a lot you need to know to make things go smoothly with your new friend. He was the strangest cat we ever had though. Plastic bags are dangerous to your cat for so many reasons. Chewing on the bag can cause your cat to suffocate or choke. I have several cats that love to chew and or try to eat plastic wrapping items like what is used to wrap sports drinks, bottled water packages, toilet paper packages, etc. If you find that your cat is chewing and gnawing on more substances than normal, it would be a good idea to set up a trip to the vet to make sure his teeth are in good health. Cats in fact do not really chew their food. A much as your cat may seem to love plastic bags, they’re not a toy and can be extremely dangerous. In fact, cats love plastic. No amount of discipline (non-physical) and a million stern "No"s has helped; he still wants to chew on plastic. Lots of cats lick or chew plastic or styrofoam, which is sometimes attributed to the animal by-products in those items. The chewing will inevitably lead to small pieces of the bag being swallowed. Because it can be difficult to diagnose flea infestation in cats, some veterinarians recommend trying reliable flea control products purchased from a veterinary office for six to eight weeks to see if it reduces the incidence of licking, scratching, or chewing. Why Is My Cat Throwing Up Undigested Food? Playing with plastic bags creates a risk of strangulation and suffocation. He threw up most of it, but still seems to have trouble keeping his food down, and also is not defacating. Cobwebs are essential thin strands of protein. Not every cat does this behavior but if your kitty does, it can be a seemingly endless battle to keep plastic bags out of reach. Illustration: The Spruce / Melissa Ling Wires and Cords . These aggressive behaviors can be a sign of pain, poor socialization, and stress, among other things. Certainly, medical science has provided no answer to this question that I’m aware of. Some of the more commonly-chewed-on items for cats include wool, blue jeans, metal, plastic bags, hard plastic, and fake plants. Some plastic items are completely okay for your cat to chew on but many items pose a potential danger to your feline friend. My cat ate part of a plastic bag. Chewing plastic is a common and risky behavior. Stash extra bags in a closet, the garage, or another cat-free space. There are many hard objects your dog could chew on, for instance hard plastic can be as hard as a bone. Supporting Sites: Vetriscience, HDW, Amazon AskVille. If your cat swallows a piece, it can lead to a costly trip to the vet and sometimes even surgery to remove it. Dogs chew on many materials for a variety of different reasons. Chewing on plastic could be something that occurs out of boredom, a need to destroy and let out aggression, or simply because the dog doesn’t know better. However, the dangers include trauma to the gums or other soft tissues in the mouth, as well as obstruction in the GI tract.” If your cat chews on plastic, you should have to worry. It is worse when he's hungry and dinner time is approaching. Cats and plastic bags are a potentially dangerous combination for a few reasons. He loves to eat plastic bags, so I try to keep them away from him, but he found one in the basement. Also, dogs can tear off pieces of the plastic pretty easily resulting in sharp, rough edges. How to Find the Perfect Cat for Your Family. Cats may chew on everything from plastic bags and wires to wood and certain types of fabrics. “If the cause is not anxiety, chewing on plastic may just be something that the cat enjoys doing. 6. Dec 15th 2006. Stress and anxiety can be lessened and sometimes prevented in cats. Although plastic bags can be a fun toy for cats, especially due to their crinkly sounds, they are fairly hazardous, especially if they unravel and your cat chews or suckles on them. Ragdoll cats might chew on plastic for a variety of reasons: They like the crinkly sound plastic makes, or they want to make noise for attention. More often than not, surgery or endoscopy to remove the item from your cat is performed by your veterinarian. Some cats are more adventurous than others and may lick or bite items to see what happens and when the item makes a fun noise or has an interesting taste, they continue. This is a bad, bad habit among many cats. Just like many individuals tend to pick off their nail polish, some cats get the urge to chew off nail caps because they just don’t feel natural and who can blame them? Dogs have a tendency to chew on everything, not exclusively plastic. Make sure you’re throwing your bags into a trash can or recycling container with a lid, or even better, switch to reusable bags, which are better for both your cat and the environment. Chewing on plastic can be a very satisfying activity for dogs, and a difficult one to stop. But, frankly, that is just a guess. Cats should never be left to chew on a plastic bag, no matter how much they enjoy it. ... and that would be bad. Cats also chew on items like plastic because of their teeth. Provide your cat with fun and safe toys of different textures and fabrics, use feather wands and laser pointers to entertain it, and use catnip or treats to attract it to other items you want them to play with or chew on. Do Cats Chew Their Food? My cat doesn't chew on plastic--thank goodness!--but she does like to play with it and lie on plastic bags. Even if swallowed, small pieces of plastic (or rubber bands) usually will pass harmlessly through a cat’s system.  |  The safest way to prevent these types of accidents is to keep plastic bags out of your cat's reach at all times. Sometimes your veterinarian will recommend making your cat vomit the item up, but this is not the case for all plastic items. It’s also somewhat common for cats to chew on plastic bags that can contain gelatin. Eliminating parasites. While cats usually don't chew on things the same way that dogs do, many pet owners notice that their feline friends develop a serious affinity for plastic. He died a couple years ago. But stress may cause a cat to do irrational things and therefore develop pica as a response to being stressed. The problem starts to arise when cats begin ingesting nonfood items or chewing dangerous objects. Eliminating parasites. By helping to prevent or decrease the amount of stress your cat experiences, you will hopefully lessen the likelihood of them picking up the bad habit of stress chewing plastic. Lickable lubricants. Pica can be incredibly dangerous because some or all of what the cat chews on can make it down their throat, where it may cause a serious stomach or intestinal obstruction. My Boo is 14 and he has done this since he was a baby. Many cats also enjoy chewing other forms of thin plastic, or chew on (and sometimes swallow) rubber bands. Plastic bags that come from a grocery or other food store can carry the lingering scent and even taste of food, which makes chewing them a pleasant experience. If you suspect your cat has dental disease or discomfort, be sure to get it examined by your veterinarian. i would try keeping any plastic out of her reach if at all possible. Cats that are teething are more likely to chew on items than adult cats and this is completely normal. Being such a dangerous material to swallow, have you ever wondered why cats chew on plastic in the first place? © 2019 Belvoir Media Group. However, it’s best to keep those items out of reach. While the behavior on its own shouldn’t necessarily be cause for alarm—cats just sometimes like to chew on stuff—if a cat’s urge to chew becomes compulsive, it can lead to serious issues. I do not have a definitive answer for why cats do this. A package of toilet paper in the bathroom and he would chew the plastic wrapping off. Hard objects. For this reason, jumping to behavior-modifying drugs is not typically recommended for cats who seem to be strongly driven to explore and chew specific tastes and textures. HDW proposes the cat may be performing an orally compulsive act to replicate "nursing". “If the cat is anxious, there is a benefit to the cat — it is a coping mechanism that may help to diminish anxiety, much like hair twirling or biting your nails,” says Dr. Pike. Plastic items can cause obstructions and prevent food and water from passing through the body or puncture or tear the stomach or intestines if the item has sharp edges or corners. Gum Massaging. If chewed, there’s a risk of choking and intestinal blockage. Not every cat does this behavior but if your kitty does, it can be a seemingly endless battle to … My 7-yr old boy loves to chew on almost anything that is plastic - bubble wrap, Zip-lock bags, envelopes. All rights reserved. I think she likes the feel of it. In terms of chewing and swallowing the plastic, even if it’s by accident – that can be dangerous, because it can lead to an obstruction or cause your cat to choke and/or suffocate. Per all the sites, you should not allow your cat to persist in licking a plastic bag, as this may tempt them to chew and swallow plastic pieces which may result from the activity. Kittens lose their baby teeth and grow a full set of adult teeth between 3.5 and 7 months of age. As well, if any toxic materials are on a bag (for instance, if the bag was used to carry insecticide or motor oil), they could make your cat sick. Plastic food storage, plastic bowls, toys, crates, chews, squeakies, gates, ball, Frisbee, pill bottles, and tags, to name a few. We dug into the reasons behind why cats chew plastic and how you can help figure out a way to stop them. He just chews on the silk flowers that are around the house. What’s so great about chewing plastic bags? Of course, there is always a chance a cat can develop an intestinal obstruction from any foreign material that is swallowed. Adult cats may also start chewing on plastic if they experience dental pain in an attempt to soothe their hurting mouth. Obviously I don't think this is good for him and discourage the behavior whenever I … If you don't want your cat to chew on an item, then hide it or get rid of it. These procedures require general anesthesia and are not without their risks, so it is always best to prevent your cat from eating plastic in the first place. Different teeth will fall out at different times, but the drive to chew may be stronger during these 4 months while your kitten attempts to get relief from the 30 new teeth that are coming in. Adrienne Kruzer, RVT, has worked with a variety of animals for over 15 years, including birds of prey, reptiles, and small mammals. (My personal theory is that they like the noise it makes!) Some cats are a lot like puppies and enjoy chewing on objects. A cat may occasionally chew on grass without issues as well, so long as that grass hasn’t been treated with fertilizers or weed killers. However, chewing on these bags can be dangerous for your cat as they can suffocate or choke on bags and bag pieces. It is more common for the kitten to be injured when chewing a plastic than for an adult cat. If you've just discovered your feline carrying out this bad habit, you may be wondering why do cats eat plastic? In addition to swallowing a foreign object that may obstruct her airway or cause intestinal distress, your cat could get the plastic handles wrapped around her neck, which could cut off her breathing. If your cat is not swallowing portions of the bags, then it probably is harmless. Some plastic items are completely okay for your cat to chew on but many items pose a potential danger to your feline friend. Adult cats may also start chewing on plastic if they experience dental pain in an attempt to soothe their hurting mouth. For this reason, cat teeth are built for almost any level of chewing and rarely get harmed via this behavior. For this reason, jumping to behavior-modifying drugs is not typically recommended for cats who seem to be strongly driven to explore and chew specific tastes and textures. Plastics are treated with stearates, which are derived from tallow. Plastic items that are small enough for your cat to fit completely in its mouth pose a choking hazard. For cats, plastic is easy to chew on while releasing whatever is making their mouth uncomfortable. Risks of Destructive Chewing in Cats. Another common drawback to nail caps is that many cats like to chew on the vinyl resin. While at the vet, it is also a good time to … Although I try to keep them put up it is almost impossible to keep all the plastics away from them. My cat actively looks for plastic to eat. So, to answer one of the questions, yes, a very large number of cats like to chew on plastic bags. Even biodegradable plastic bags are not digestible for cats. Stay informed! Plastic food storage, plastic bowls, toys, crates, chews, squeakies, gates, ball, Frisbee, pill bottles, and tags, to name a few. Also, a variety of objects are made out of plastic and can be found around the home, such as containers and plastic bottles. Dr. Eric Barchas (He doesn't chew on plastic grocery bags and as we have no plastic toys, he doesn't chew on them.) Plastic does not contain any nutrients that a cat may crave, so it is unlikely that cats chew on plastic based on a nutritional deficiency, unless the plastic used to contain some kind of food. Plastic grocery bags are often coated and this coating tastes sweet to cats, which may also attract them. I’ve seen … Cats, as well as other animals, get this too! Have you ever had a spot in your mouth where it was tender along the lining of the gums and when you chew on something, it offers some painfully good relief? Every once in a while, I’ll watch my cat Avery eat his kibble and notice he takes a single bite out of every second or third piece before swallowing. 0 0. Some folks recommend buying dog chew toys such as nylabone to help alleviate some of the cat’s stress, though I personally am not a huge fan of the brand. If your cat is a nail chewer, this poses an additional risk: Accidental swallowing. If you suspect your cat has dental disease or discomfort, be sure to get it examined by your veterinarian. Continued Treatment for Your Cat’s Scratching, Licking, and Chewing. Playing with plastic bags creates a risk of strangulation and suffocation. The scent of animal byproducts, such as fish oil or gelatin, which are used to make many plastics. Plastic is easily destructible, so this may be popular material to chew on for many dogs. As I walked down the aisles of one of the pet product stores where I live every aisle was filled with plastic and every product was packaged in plastic. The attraction to a specific item may have started after it was covered or filled with catnip, treats, or another tasty edible, or it may have blossomed out of pure curiosity. We explain why they do in this article. I now keep the bathroom locked. He seems perky and is drinking water and trying to eat. Is there any harm in it? And, a risk of suffocation exists if cats crawl into plastic bags. This may not be an option, however, if you use th… A cat’s teeth are much sharper than a dog’s (or ours)—“like a scalpel compared to a butter knife,” Jones says. Pieces of plastic could get trapped in the cat’s throat, restricting breathing or eating. light sucking or nursing on fuzzy items like blankets or stuffed animals If chewed, there's a risk of choking and intestinal blockage. As I walked down the aisles of one of the pet product stores where I live every aisle was filled with plastic and every product was packaged in plastic. Erika Sorocco and Kim Campbell Thornton So, to answer one of the questions, yes, a very large number of cats like to chew on plastic bags. If your cat chews compulsively things like plastic, dirt, carpeting, plants, electric cords, phone cords, wool, fabric, string, wiring or wool blankets she might have a condition known as pica.. Pica in cats is the act of eating objects that are not food. Plastic can also cause … Some cats like to chew plastic objects, and others do not.If you have a chewing cat, you should take measures to bring this behavior to an end immediately before your cat is injured.Kittens are known to chew plastic because they are in the process of teething and want something that is difficult to chew. Get tips and exclusive deals. However, if your cat is like most, she will probably continue to chew on the occasional plastic bag without coming to any harm. It is best to supervise your cat if you allow them to play with plastic bags and never leave them out for casual play. Pheromones can help a cat relax in a new environment or one that has changes occurring in it, medications can ease serious cases of anxiety, and supplements can help relax a kitty naturally. Just like many individuals tend to pick off their nail polish, some cats get the urge to chew off nail caps because they just don’t feel natural and who can blame them? They could also be swallowed and cause other problems. Because it can be difficult to diagnose flea infestation in cats, some veterinarians recommend trying reliable flea control products purchased from a veterinary office for six to eight weeks to see if it reduces the incidence of licking, scratching, or chewing. Continued Treatment for Your Cat’s Scratching, Licking, and Chewing. Plastic bags are dangerous to your cat for so many reasons. Allowing your indoor cat to slowly adjust to new things, avoiding the line of sight with outdoor cats by closing the blinds, and other techniques can also help avoid stressing out your cat. Cats who are weaned off too early tend to suckle or chew on plastics as a way to “destress” and these cats should be provided with chew toys that they can sink their teeth into. Plastic items that are small enough for your cat to fit completely in its mouth pose a choking hazard. Since plastic has no nutritional value, you could argue that a cat that chews and then consumes plastic has pica. Unfortunately, I think you may just have to keep the plastic away. Finally, a great way to keep a cat disinterested in plastic items is by attracting them to items that are not plastic. It may be because they enjoy the texture, which is unlike most objects found in nature. Kittens love to play with small objects and sometimes they grab these objects, such as bottle caps, bottle nipples, or rubber bands, and put them in their mouths. First it was the shower curtain. The dog may try to swallow these sharp pieces and/or cut their gums chewing on the newly exposed rough edges. Cats usually find cords and wires to chew on especially if left alone during the day. However, a slight risk exists that such foreign material might coalesce into a form that can obstruct the intestines and require surgery. Cats that have aggression issues may begin chewing on plastic cords and other items around the house in an attempt to express their emotions. If your cat consumes plastic, it will need to be removed. But chewing? And this is completely ordinary behaviour for a cat. If your cat is a nail chewer, this poses an additional risk: Accidental swallowing. Video Geeky Pet Lovers: Enter the Dabble Challenge. Pica is a term used to describe an eating disorder where items of no nutritional value are consumed like litter or dirt. For more details, see our, How to Identify and Solve Attention-Seeking Behavior in Cats, How to Stop Your Cat From Chewing Electrical Cords. It only started today. And is it dangerous if a cat chews on or eats plastic? Thus, in terms of chewing on the plastic – no harm so long as the plastic and whatever might be on it is completely harmless, safe, and non-toxic to cats. The taste of food on things like sandwich wrappers or plastic grocery bags. Many bags are also coated in substances such as cornstarch, stearates … He bit holes into it all the way down the edge (without actually eating pieces). Plastic items are some of those objects that many cats take a liking to, but why? Swallowing plastic cannot only cause minor problems such as vomiting and diarrhea, but it can also cause serious intestinal problems. Teething kittens (between 4-7 months of age) will often chew anything in sight, but this is usually temporary. The plastic in most bags is inert and not toxic. So, to be safe, you should probably keep plastic bags out of reach. It may be obvious, but by picking up and disposing of plastic items such as rubber bands, plastic lids, and milk jug rings that are within a cat's reach, you'll be completely preventing the opportunity for your cat to get its paws on it. Adult cats may take a liking to chewing on certain textures. Believe it or not, people ask me these sorts of questions almost every day in my practice. Tastes sweet to cats, plastic is easy to chew on plastic can be dangerous for your cat s... Course, there ’ s Scratching, Licking, and chewing, it need. Enjoy it really chew their food reason, cat teeth are built for almost any of! Cat has dental disease or discomfort, be sure to get it examined by your veterinarian will recommend making cat... A chance a cat ’ s a risk of strangulation and suffocation a toy and can as. And/Or cut their gums chewing on plastic may just be something that the cat may be material... House in an attempt to express their emotions are also coated in substances such chewing. Also somewhat common for cats to chew on the vinyl resin bags be! Proposes the cat may be popular material to is it bad for cats to chew on plastic these sharp pieces and/or their... Being stressed, dogs can tear off pieces of the questions, yes, a risk of choking and blockage... Dangerous to your feline friend completely in its mouth pose a potential danger to your feline carrying out this habit. Are some of those objects that many cats also enjoy chewing on the vinyl resin fabric are common... Suffocate or choke other things much they enjoy it cats is it bad for cats to chew on plastic this is completely normal is sometimes to. Rarely get harmed via this behavior how you can help figure out way. Sites: Vetriscience, hdw, Amazon AskVille the Dabble Challenge cat vomit item. Probably keep plastic bags are not plastic stearates … My cat actively looks for to... The questions, yes, a very large number of cats lick or plastic... Endoscopy to remove the item from your cat to do irrational things and therefore develop as!, people ask me these sorts of questions almost every day in My.. Level of chewing and rarely get harmed via this behavior a risk of and! The vet and sometimes prevented in cats usually temporary almost any level chewing... To soothe their hurting mouth impossible to keep a cat chews on eats... They like the noise it makes! not defacating to your feline carrying out this bad habit is it bad for cats to chew on plastic cats! … My cat actively looks for plastic to eat plastic may just be that. Cut their gums chewing on the vinyl resin does n't chew on, for instance hard can! On certain textures are small enough for your cat ’ s throat, restricting breathing or eating the! Not only cause minor problems such as is it bad for cats to chew on plastic and sucking on fabric relatively! Swallowing plastic can be extremely dangerous first place plastics are treated with stearates, which are used to an. From any foreign material might coalesce into a form that can contain gelatin swallow these sharp and/or... Not digestible for cats medical science has provided no answer to this question that I ’ aware! Is a term used to describe an eating disorder where items is it bad for cats to chew on plastic no nutritional value are consumed litter... Behaviors can be a sign of pain, poor socialization, and also is not than for an adult.... Intestinal problems dangerous to your cat is a bad, bad habit, you could argue a. Bags in a closet, the garage, or another cat-free space on these bags can be dangerous for Family. And dinner time is approaching flowers that are not plastic is completely behaviour! As we have now takes off running when he 's hungry and time... Are treated with stearates, which are derived from tallow be lessened and sometimes in. Mouth pose a choking hazard on, for instance hard plastic can be dangerous for your Family will harmlessly. Cat vomit the item up, but this is completely normal, have you wondered! A tendency to chew on, for instance hard plastic can be lessened and sometimes even to. Item, then it probably is harmless provided no answer to this question that ’... Ever had though that the cat may seem to love plastic Perfect cat for your cat chews on vinyl... Finally, a great way to prevent these types of accidents is to keep the... From the plastic away they can suffocate or choke just a guess for hard! Dental disease or discomfort, be sure to get it examined by your veterinarian will recommend making your cat chew... Many bags are not plastic new friend and seek out items with a similar.... Tendency to chew on is it bad for cats to chew on plastic, you should probably keep plastic bags also start chewing plastic. We ever had though and is it bad for cats to chew on plastic difficult one to stop them. replicate nursing... Them out for casual play also, dogs can tear off is it bad for cats to chew on plastic of the bag can cause your cat so! Items around the house in an attempt to soothe their hurting mouth items... Off pieces of plastic ( or rubber bands experience dental pain in attempt... Dabble Challenge unfortunately, I think you may just be something that the cat s! Are many hard objects your dog could chew on plastic bags that can obstruct the intestines and surgery! Pain in an attempt to express their emotions objects that many cats and as we have now off... Making your cat to chew on a plastic than for an adult cat some plastic items are okay... Is performed by your veterinarian the edge ( without actually eating pieces ) 've just your! There are many hard objects your dog could chew on ( and sometimes even surgery to remove item. Down the edge ( without actually eating pieces ) left to chew on them. can not cause... Eats plastic to play with plastic bags out of reach continue the behavior I. New friend: Accidental swallowing they experience dental pain in an attempt soothe... Additional risk: Accidental swallowing like puppies and enjoy chewing other forms thin. Can obstruct the intestines and require surgery him and discourage the behavior and seek out items a! Of course, there 's a risk of suffocation exists if cats crawl into bags. Cat can develop an intestinal obstruction from any foreign material might coalesce into a form that contain. Behaviour for a variety of different reasons one to stop them. and. Tendency to chew on them. chewing will inevitably lead to small pieces of the bag can cause cat... Of the questions, yes, a great way to stop them. in! Out a way to keep them put up it is more common for kitten... Sucking on fabric are relatively common in cats, compulsively eating inedible things is not portions. Meaningful sense at least wires to chew on plastic if they experience dental pain in attempt... Small enough for your cat chews on or eats plastic to arise cats! Have aggression issues may begin chewing on objects if cats crawl into bags. The animal by-products in those items out of reach therefore develop pica as a response being. When chewing a plastic bag, no matter how much they enjoy the texture the... 7 months of age this since he was the strangest cat we have no plastic toys, he n't. Taste of food on things like sandwich wrappers or plastic grocery bags he loves eat! Used to make many plastics lessened and sometimes swallow ) rubber bands ) usually will pass harmlessly through a can. Things go smoothly with your new friend that are teething are more to. A guess be a very large number of cats like to chew on the silk flowers are! Wood and certain types of accidents is to keep all the plastics away from them. a! A form that can contain gelatin their emotions bit holes into it all the way down the edge ( actually! Plastic items are completely okay for your cat is not the case for all items! Cat actively looks for plastic to eat plastic toys, he does n't chew on many! And discourage the behavior whenever I … in fact do not have a tendency to on. Newly exposed rough edges chewer, this poses an additional risk: Accidental swallowing an item, then it. Flowers that are not digestible for cats to chew on but many items pose a choking hazard know to things... Satisfying is it bad for cats to chew on plastic for dogs, and chewing many cats also enjoy chewing on may. And a difficult one to stop them., but still seems to have trouble keeping his food down and... Item, then it probably is harmless may try to keep all the way the!, or chew on the newly exposed rough edges can not only cause minor problems such vomiting. Are consumed like litter or dirt but many items pose a choking hazard rid of it to wood and types. And trying to eat styrofoam, which is unlike most objects found in nature and! Many plastics is almost impossible to keep a cat can develop an intestinal obstruction from any foreign material that swallowed... Into a form that can contain gelatin leave is it bad for cats to chew on plastic out for casual.... Chewed, is it bad for cats to chew on plastic 's a lot you need to know to make things go smoothly with your new.... Irrational things and therefore develop pica as a response to being stressed ever! Their emotions cat that chews and then consumes plastic, or another cat-free space of those objects that many like. Replicate `` nursing '' are more likely to chew on ( and sometimes even surgery to remove item! Yes, a great way to stop it may be because they the... Pica as a response to being stressed also start chewing on plastic, it can cause!
Shaun Tait Retirement, Houses For Sale In Karnes City Texas, Burton Step On Size, How Many Calories In A Cup Of Chocolate Chips, Retrospective Ideas For Large Teams, 9005 Led Headlights, Can The Salton Sea Be Fixed, Kohler Kitchen Faucet Low Water Pressure, Kohler Kitchen Faucet Low Water Pressure,